Quad9 Indian Server Location

I love Quad9’s service & am continuing to use it over my ISP, CloudFlare, Google and numerous other DNS service providers as Quad9 is both swift & safer.

 

I had a quick question, as per this tweet, Quad9 have a server in Mumbai, India & Columbo, Sri Lanka; which are closer to Chennai. However, I did a trace route and noticed I’m being responded from Singapore.

 

Tracing route to dns.quad9.net [9.9.9.9]

over a maximum of 30 hops:

  1     3 ms     2 ms     2 ms  R7000P [192.168.1.1]

  2     3 ms     3 ms     3 ms  XXX

  3     4 ms     6 ms     3 ms  broadband.actcorp.in [XXX]

  4     4 ms     3 ms     3 ms  broadband.actcorp.in [XXX]

  5     3 ms     3 ms     3 ms  XXX.STATIC-Chennai.vsnl.net.in [XXX]

  6     3 ms     3 ms     3 ms  XXX

  7     3 ms     3 ms     3 ms  ix-ae-4-2.tcore1.cxr-chennai.as6453.net [180.87.36.9]

  8    37 ms    36 ms    35 ms  if-ae-13-2.tcore1.svw-singapore.as6453.net [180.87.36.83]

  9    36 ms    35 ms    35 ms  if-ae-11-2.thar1.svq-singapore.as6453.net [180.87.98.37]

 10    35 ms    35 ms    36 ms  ae-6.r00.sngpsi05.sg.bb.gin.ntt.net [129.250.8.241]

 11    38 ms    35 ms    35 ms  ae-10.r20.sngpsi05.sg.bb.gin.ntt.net [129.250.7.18]

 12    36 ms    36 ms    35 ms  ae-3.r20.sngpsi07.sg.bb.gin.ntt.net [129.250.4.34]

 13    36 ms    36 ms    36 ms  ae-1.r01.sngpsi03.sg.bb.gin.ntt.net [129.250.4.175]

 14    36 ms    36 ms    37 ms  ge-100-0-0-11.r01.sngpsi03.sg.ce.gin.ntt.net [116.51.27.54]

 15    35 ms    36 ms    35 ms  dns.quad9.net [9.9.9.9]

 

Pinging 9.9.9.9 with 32 bytes of data:

Reply from 9.9.9.9: bytes=32 time=36ms TTL=50

Reply from 9.9.9.9: bytes=32 time=36ms TTL=50

Reply from 9.9.9.9: bytes=32 time=37ms TTL=50

Reply from 9.9.9.9: bytes=32 time=35ms TTL=50

Ping statistics for 9.9.9.9:

    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),

Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:

    Minimum = 35ms, Maximum = 37ms, Average = 36ms

 

I’m not sure why Singapore is preferred over within the country & neighbouring country servers which are closer in terms of distance. I had few theories, then I recollected learning about international fiber optical networks and then it struck me!

Idea Bulb

My ISP ACT Broadband is routing to Tata Communications/VSNL, this is expected as Tata is the Tire-1 with a landing in Chennai.

I hope there is a national optical fiber network which connects Mumbai & Chennai; and I know as a matter of fact that TIISCS directly connects Chennai with Singapore with its submarine fiber optic cable.

 

Then I looked into the cable landing points in India and the various international cables that touches each of the nodes.

Chennai is a cable landing point for 4 cables (more on this later)

  • BBG – This is not used as Chennai needs to connect to Malaysia to reach Sri Lanka and then Mumbai
  • i2i – Possible as this is direct Chennai to Singapore, also connects with SMW3; owned by Airtel though
  • SeaMeWe-4 – Connects directly from Chennai to Sri Lanka & Singapore and then Sri Lanka to Mumbai; owned by many including Tata and Airtel
  • TIISCS/TIC – As stated earlier, direct Chennai to Singapore, Tata owned

So with BBG & i2i removed from the equation, the remaining two directly connects Chennai with Singapore where TATA has its presence. Now I understood why my queries are routed the way it was.

 

Anyways, no matter which provider I choose, its more or less of the same story.

Ping statistics for 9.9.9.9:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 35ms, Maximum = 36ms, Average = 35ms

Ping statistics for 1.0.0.1:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 35ms, Maximum = 36ms, Average = 35ms

Ping statistics for 1.1.1.1:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 35ms, Maximum = 36ms, Average = 35ms

Ping statistics for 8.8.8.8:
Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
Minimum = 36ms, Maximum = 36ms, Average = 36ms

Since there is not much of a difference between the top services, I’m going with the safety net of Quad9 over the others. Whatever it is, even while I’m getting 1-2ms pings from my ISP’s DNS, sometimes even 0ms! I’m not going to use their DNS. I’m using VPN with/or DNSSEC/DNSoTLS service providers just because I can and I prefer it that way.

 

International Fiber Optic Cablr Landing Count:

  • Mumbai – 12
  • Chennai – 4
  • Cochin – 2
  • Thiruvananthapuram – 1
  • Puducherry – 1 (TBF)

As per https://www.quad9.net/12-new-quad9-cities, I understand and support their ideology; but I secretly wish that they put up one more server for India in Chennai.

Mumbai can act for the north India while Chennai can cater to South. Anyways, I’m quite happy with where Chennai is at, in the large scheme of things.

 

Quad9 Server Locations

The amusing weekend of Shape of Water & Black Panther

This weekend was awesome! Let me tell you about my thoughts on the movies Shape of Water & Black Panther & something personal from my professional & personal life. I recommend watching both of the said movies wholeheartedly! And a little caution first hand, that you’d be greeted with the storyline & spoilers for Shape of Water alone. I’m giving SoW a 10/10 and BP 8/10.

Continue reading “The amusing weekend of Shape of Water & Black Panther”

IT (2017) – Quick Thoughts

IT talked about bullying, standing up against it and for our loved ones/innocents. How slut shaming can affect the life of a girl. Bad parenting. Fear and the need to face it. Courage, friendship and love.

It’s emotionally good, cinematography & music is on point. Framing, casting & acting is excellent.

Unlike Conjuring which gives away the jump scare screen through framing, this one is genuinely scary in an unpredictable manner.

It has very few flaws for me which can be neglected in the long scheme of things.

I highly recommend watching IT; 9/10.

Fonts

Today I spent time with Fonts.

Knew Serif & Sans Serif; learnt about humanistic fonts, fonts that scale & looks nice in digital.

Continue reading “Fonts”

Connectivity Rant

I am an Airtel India​ user since 10-May-2008. Made it secondary and switched to Vodafone India​ as my primary carrier 18 months before.

Airtel has poor signal inside my house. They said due to lack of demand, no signal booster will be given. Hence the switch to Vodafone.

Recently, during the Chennai floods Airtel was working far early and went down later than Vodafone. This has me looking into Airtel again.

Airtel has 4G. However, there is no 3G or 4G signal inside my house located in 1st floor in T.nagar, near Nandhanam Signal. I wish to go back to Airtel after the floods, but signal is an issue.

Vodafone is brining 4G but god knows when will Chennai get it. Vodafone has good 3G coverage inside my house and overall its great! At times, I won’t get any signal in the basement of my office in Velachery, but that is fine. In my home & outside, it serves me good. Data speeds are also good. But the lack of network trust, i.e going down as the first and coming back up as the last network is making me worry.
Here by concluding my connectivity rant :/